Why Do We Get Period Cramps?

Menstrual cramps, also known as period cramps, are a common and often painful symptom experienced by many women during their menstrual cycle.

While it's normal to experience some discomfort during your period, some women experience cramps that can be so severe they interfere with their daily activities.

In this blog post, we'll explore the causes of period cramps and some treatments you can try to alleviate the discomfort.

Causes of period cramps

Period cramps are caused by the contraction of the uterus, which happens as it sheds its lining during menstruation.

The contraction of the uterus causes the release of prostaglandins, hormones that are responsible for causing pain and discomfort.

Other factors that can contribute to period cramps include endometriosis, fibroids, and hormonal imbalances.

In some cases, lifestyle factors, such as stress and lack of physical activity, can also contribute to period cramps.

Treatments for period cramps

There are several treatments you can try to alleviate period cramps, including:

  • Over-the-counter pain relievers: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen, can help reduce the pain and discomfort of period cramps.

  • Heat therapy: Applying heat, such as a heating pad or hot water bottle, to the affected area can help soothe period cramps.

  • Exercise: Regular physical activity, such as yoga or walking, can help reduce period cramps and improve overall physical and mental well-being.

  • Dietary changes: Incorporating anti-inflammatory foods, such as ginger and turmeric, into your diet can help reduce period cramps. Decreasing inflammatory food such as caffeine and sugar can also help with period cramps. 

    Adding a cup of Femme cacao drinking chocolate before and during your period may help reduce pain and cramping.

  • Hormonal birth control: Hormonal birth control can help regulate menstrual cycles and reduce the severity of period cramps. However, some women find that certain birth controls increase symptoms of PMS so testing and working with a doctor on the right option for you is essential here.

When to see a doctor

In some cases, period cramps can be a sign of a more serious underlying condition, such as endometriosis or fibroids.

If you experience severe or worsening period cramps, or if over-the-counter treatments aren't helping, you should see a doctor.

Your doctor can perform a physical exam and may order additional tests, such as an ultrasound, to determine the cause of your period cramps.


Period cramps are a common and often painful symptom experienced by many women during their menstrual cycle.

By understanding the causes and trying some of the treatments outlined above, you can alleviate the discomfort and enjoy a more comfortable period. 

Do you suffer with cramps during your period or know someone who does? Share this article with them and lets start a conversation about this common but sometimes so life impacting symptom. 

Back to blog